(E. Robbins, personal communication, January 4, 2001). A. P. Smith also claimed that many of her students had difficulties with APA style (personal communication, November 3, 2002). Citing Indirect Sources If you use a source that was cited in another source, name the original source in your signal phrase. Save your citations online. Never worry about citing sources correctly, again! Give me Pro! Teachers! Looking for more resources? Check out our new educators' blog for everything you need for your classroom.
How you cite a working within your document varies depending on your writing style, whether you are quot;ng your source directly, and the type of source you are quorting. When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text citation. Use the word "and" between the authors' names within the text and use the ampersand in the parentheses. Research by Wegener and Petty (1994) supports. (Wegener Petty, 1994 a Work by Three to Five Authors: List all the authors in the signal phrase or in parentheses the first time you cite the source.
Electronic Sources If possible, cite an electronic document the same as any other document by using the author-date style. Kenneth (2000) explained. Unknown Author and Unknown Date: If no author or date is given, use the title in your signal phrase or the first word or two of the title in the parentheses and use the abbreviation "n.d." (for "no. (Funk Kolln, 1992) Personal Communication: For interviews, letters, e-mails, and other person-to-person communication, cite the communicators name, the fact that it was personal communication, and the date of the communication. Do not include personal communication in the reference list. APA style is a difficult citation format for first-time learners (Jones, 1998, p. 199). Citing an Author or Authors, a Work by Two Authors: Name both authors in the signal phrase or in the parentheses each time you cite the work.