2. Establishes significance of territory. 2. One study has shown that eyewitness errors are the most common cause of false convictions (ref.). Almost all innocent individuals exonerated by DNA evidence had been convicted primarily as a result of erroneous eyewitness evidence (ref.) Consequently, a great deal of research has focussed on the unreliability of eyewitness testimony (refs.). Education, Social Work ;. This is frequently not the case. Because eyewitness information is often conveyed from one witness to another through discussion, it is important to ascertain the effects of co-witness information on the validity of eyewitness testimony. 1. Approximately 77,000 individuals are arrested in the United States each year based primarily on eyewitness testimony (ref.). Given the pivotal role that eyewitness testimony plays in some trials, it is important to establish whether or not the jurys faith in this testimony is warranted.
This area has been surprisingly neglected until recently, as the majority of the literature on eyewitness testimony has focussed on the effect of questions and media reports containing misleading information. 4.
Previous literature was used to generate specific hypotheses to tes. One should not assume the results obtained from studies using stories and word lists as stimuli can be generalised to forensic contexts. That is, the differences found between individuals and groups could simply be due to the participants giving their reports for a second time A limitation of this research on collaborative memory is that the memory of groups is. 3. Establishes research niche. (Briefly reviews what has been found, and then identifies a gap. Discusses what has been found, but points out inconsistency of results.) 3. The current thesis examines the third way that postevent misinformation may be encountered: through other witnesses.